Bone is an endocrine tissue expressing androgen and estrogen receptors as well as steroid metabolizing enzymes. Our understanding of the structural basis for gender differences in bone strength has advanced considerably over recent years due to increasing use of high resolution peripheral computed tomography.
human sexual skeleton Dimorphism
Rogers and S. The CS values that we calculated from landmark configurations covering proximal and distal tibia comprised both the tibial length reflecting body height and the robustness of its articular ends which is good predictor of body weight [ 59 , 60 ]. In summary, we have demonstrated that changes in both the degree and pattern of shape SD can occur in long bones over relatively short timescales, in some cases in less than one century.
The Difficulty of Sexing Skeletons from Unknown Populations
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